Wednesday

Crushes Small Insects...or Large Bones

So what eats insects, but has the most powerful, bone-crushing bite force among mammals?


The hyena.


I once petted a hyena; and I put the experience in the same category as the first time I touched a dolphin...it was a shock.


Dolphin skin feels like a banana peel... like if you pressed your fingernail into it, a little crescent-shaped slice would appear.
Buster

But Buster, the Spotted hyena who wandered around like a mascot at Wildlife Waystation, had fur that was very harsh and coarse; almost like straightened steel wool.


And because there was no underfur, I could see the mottled skin showing through a bit.  Kind of like... thick bristles on a pig.


Buster was an affectionate guy, with a large head and lots of big teeth that he'd show in a sort of unsettling smile when you scratched his belly.  And he sometimes had that queer slinking gait that you see in certain German Shepherds. 


Spotted hyenas like Buster are the largest of the four types of hyena. And depending on their age or area they live in, their spots can look very different; check it out below:
Three of the four types of hyenas are called Bone Crusher hyenas:
  • the Spotted hyena
  • the Striped hyena
  • the Brown hyena
(Don't you love the imaginative names for these guys?  Makes them easy to identify, I guess.)


Have you ever heard that hyenas are cowards? Before we go further, let's figure out where this idea comes from.
Spotted hyenas
  • They kill their own food about 95% of the time...though they'll also grab whatever's lion around...ha ha 
  • They laugh, cackle, and chirrup frequently
  • They will viciously fight other predators when attacked

Striped & Brown hyenas
  • They are poor hunters and love to scavenge
  • They are relatively quiet, though they do cackle occasionally
  • When attacked by a predator, they defend themselves by "playing dead" 
So....who are the cowards?  Right...let's take a look at these two.


Here is the Striped Hyena...kind of funky-looking when he's all upset, isn't he?
And the Brown hyena?  Well, his upset self is the first picture on this post, at the very top... I love it!  But he usually looks like this:


These guys may act "cowardly", but keep in mind that a Brown hyena pup can crack the leg bone of an antelope within hours of being born!  Most impressive.



Okay, so I'm dying to show you the teeth of this incredible, bone cracking creature.  Let's take a look at his choppers...as compared to a lion's:
Okay, those molars are fearsome-looking...and much larger proportionately than the lion's!  And look at the very front teeth...really, they look like like fangs.


But what about that whole Insect thing in the title of this post? Well, that's where the fourth hyena type comes in...the Dog-like hyena.


Better known as the Aardwolf (Dutch for earth wolf).


Yes he's a hyena, but he lives on insects...he can slurp up 200,000 termites in a single night with his long sticky tongue.  


But, don't get the aardwolf mixed up with the aardvark.  Though they both eat insects, there's a biiigg difference in classification!


So now you're up on hyenas...all four types.  If you want to read more, there's a woman doing a fascinating study on the Spotted hyena that you can check out here.


And, don't forget to read my post on the amazing Hyena Men of Africa, here.

6 comments:

Lois Johnson said...

I never knew there were so mnay times of heyenas. This is too cool!! :)

Emma R said...

The Aardwolf doesn't look very fearsome. :D I LOVE HIM!

holly short said...

I love the striped hyena with the erected crest. He looks like he has a really big mohawk.

I Spy Animals said...

The Brown hyena (the first photo) looks like the poor guy just woke up...

I Spy Animals said...

Lois, I agree. Hyenas are amazing, and there is so much more to tell about them than I had room for in my post!

polaco said...
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